पारस्परिक क्या है इन हिंदी | What is Reciprocity in hindi information, जानकारी kya hai

पारस्परिकता का उल्लेख हो सकता है:

  • Reciprocity (Canadian politics), free trade with the United States of America
    • Reciprocal trade agreement, entered into in order to reduce (or eliminate) tariffs, quotas and other trade restrictions on items traded between the signatories
  • Reciprocity (photography), the relationship between the intensity of the light and duration of the exposure that result in identical exposure
  • Traffic violations reciprocity where non-resident drivers are treated like residents
  • Reciprocity (Fringe), a 2011 episode of the television series Fringe
  • Quid pro quo, a legal concept of the exchange of good or services, each having value

सामाजिक विज्ञान और मानविकी

  • Norm of reciprocity, social norm of in-kind responses to the behavior of others
  • Reciprocity (cultural anthropology), way of defining people’s informal exchange of goods and labour
  • Reciprocity (evolution), mechanisms for the evolution of cooperation
  • Reciprocity (international relations), principle that favours, benefits, or penalties that are granted by one state to the citizens or legal entities of another, should be returned in kind
  • Reciprocity (social and political philosophy), concept of reciprocity as in-kind positive or negative responses for the actions of others
  • Reciprocity (social psychology), in-kind positively or negatively connotated responses of individuals towards the actions of others
  • Ethic of reciprocity (the Golden Rule), one should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself
  • Serial reciprocity, where the benefactor of a gift or service will in turn provide benefits to a third party

प्राकृतिक विज्ञान

  • Reciprocity (engineering), used in the analysis of structures and to resolve complex load conditions
  • Reciprocity (electromagnetism), theorems relating sources and the resulting fields in classical electromagnetism
  • Reciprocity (network theory), theorem about transfer function of passive networks
  • Reciprocity in network, measures the tendency of vertex pairs to form mutual connections between each other
  • Reciprocity of twist and wrench, in screw theory
  • Reciprocity theorem (disambiguation), several unrelated results
  • Reciprocity of antenna transmitting and receiving characteristics

अंक शास्त्र

  • Reciprocity law in mathematics, including
    • Quadratic reciprocity, a fundamental result in number theory
    • Cubic reciprocity, theorems that state conditions under which the congruence एक्स 3 ≡ पी (आधुनिक क्यू) is solvable
    • Quartic reciprocity, a collection of theorems in elementary and algebraic number theory that state conditions under which the congruence x4 ≡ पी (mod q) is solvable
    • Artin reciprocity law, a general theorem in number theory that provided a partial solution to Hilbert’s ninth problem
    • Reciprocity relation or exact differential, a mathematical differential of the form dQ, for some differentiable function Q
  • Weil reciprocity for algebraic curves
  • Reciprocal polynomials, the coefficients of the remainder polynomial are the bits of the CRC
  • Reciprocal square root
  • Reciprocity (projective geometry), a collineation from a projective space onto its dual space, taking points to hyperplanes (and vice versa) and preserving incidence
  • Frobenius reciprocity, from group representation theory
  • Reciprocity law for Dedekind sums
  • Stanley’s reciprocity theorem, states that a certain functional equation is satisfied by the generating function of any rational cone and the generating function of the cone’s interior
  • Hermite reciprocity for invariants of binary forms.


  • Reciprocity No. 32, Saskatchewan, rural municipality in Canada

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