हमारी app डाउनलोड करे और फ्री में पढाई करे
WhatsApp Group Join Now
Telegram Join Join Now
Download our app now हमारी app डाउनलोड करे

Thorium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Thorium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Thorium element ?

सब्सक्राइब करे youtube चैनल

answer : as we know Thorium element is denoted by ‘Th’ symbol and Thorium has ‘232.038’ atomic mass and ’90’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Thorium element ?

answer : Thorium electronic configuration is ”[Rn] 6d2 7s2”.

question : write some information about Thorium ?

answer : Thorium has melting point = 1,750

Thorium boiling point = 4,790

Thorium has density ‘11.72’ and it is found ”% on earth. Thorium belongs to group ‘102’.

some interesting facts of Thorium are given below –

Thorium is a chemical element with the symbol Th and atomic number 90. It is a naturally occurring radioactive metal and belongs to the actinide series on the periodic table. Thorium is named after the Norse god of thunder, Thor. It was discovered in 1828 by the Swedish chemist Jöns Jakob Berzelius.

Here are some key points about thorium:

1. Natural occurrence: Thorium is found in small amounts in the Earth’s crust. It is more abundant than uranium and is primarily obtained from thorium-bearing minerals such as monazite and thorite. However, thorium is still considered a relatively rare element.

2. Radioactivity: Thorium is a radioactive element and has several isotopes, with thorium-232 being the most stable and abundant. It undergoes alpha decay, emitting alpha particles. Thorium-232 has a very long half-life of about 14 billion years.

3. Nuclear properties: Thorium-232 is fertile, meaning it can be used as a fuel in nuclear reactors to produce energy. Through a process called nuclear transmutation, thorium-232 can absorb neutrons and eventually convert into fissile uranium-233, which can sustain a nuclear chain reaction. Thorium-based nuclear power has been explored as an alternative to conventional uranium-based reactors.

4. Applications: Thorium has various industrial applications. Its oxide, thorium dioxide (ThO2), has high melting and boiling points, making it useful in high-temperature ceramics and refractory materials. Thorium is also used as an alloying element in magnesium to improve its high-temperature strength.

5. Safety considerations: While thorium is radioactive, it emits mostly alpha particles, which are less penetrating than other types of radiation. Proper safety precautions are still necessary when handling and storing thorium, but it is generally considered less hazardous than some other radioactive materials.

It’s important to note that thorium is not a fissile material on its own and requires additional processes to be used as a fuel in nuclear reactors. Thorium-based nuclear power is still in the research and development stage and has not been widely adopted for commercial power generation.

In summary, thorium is a naturally occurring radioactive element with potential applications in nuclear energy. It is found in small quantities in the Earth’s crust and can be used as a fuel in nuclear reactors. Thorium also has industrial uses in ceramics and alloys. Further research is being conducted to explore the feasibility of thorium-based nuclear power.