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Sodium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Sodium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Sodium element ?

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answer : as we know Sodium element is denoted by ‘Na’ symbol and Sodium has ‘22.99’ atomic mass and ’11’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Sodium element ?

answer : Sodium electronic configuration is ”[Ne] 3s1”.

question : write some information about Sodium ?

answer : Sodium has melting point = 98

Sodium boiling point = 883

Sodium has density ‘0.97’ and it is found ‘2.75’% on earth. Sodium belongs to group ‘1’.

some interesting facts of Sodium are given below –

Sodium is the eleventh element on the periodic table with the chemical symbol Na. It is an alkali metal and is highly reactive. Sodium is a soft, silvery-white metal that is abundant in the Earth’s crust and is found in various compounds.

Sodium is well-known for its role in table salt, or sodium chloride (NaCl). Salt is a vital dietary component for humans and many other animals. Sodium ions play a crucial role in maintaining the body’s fluid balance, transmitting nerve impulses, and aiding in muscle contraction. However, it’s important to consume sodium in moderation, as excessive sodium intake can have negative health effects.

Sodium is also used in various industrial processes. It is a key component in the production of certain chemicals, including sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda, which is widely used in the manufacture of soaps, detergents, and paper. Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), commonly known as soda ash or washing soda, is used in glass production, water treatment, and as a pH regulator in various industries.

In addition, sodium plays a crucial role in the operation of cells and electrical signals in the human body. Sodium ions are essential for the generation and propagation of action potentials in nerve cells, allowing for the transmission of signals throughout the nervous system.

Sodium has further applications in metallurgy. It is used as a reducing agent in the extraction of reactive metals, such as titanium and zirconium, from their compounds.

Furthermore, sodium compounds are employed in the production of various materials and products. For example, sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), also known as baking soda, is used in baking, cleaning, and as an antacid. Sodium alginate, derived from seaweed, is used in the food industry as a thickener and stabilizer.

Sodium vapor lamps are also used for lighting in certain applications, such as streetlights and stadium lighting, due to the characteristic yellow-orange light they emit when the sodium atoms are excited.

However, due to sodium’s high reactivity, it is not found freely in nature but rather in various compounds, such as sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, and others.

In summary, sodium has numerous important applications in our daily lives and various industries. From its essential role in table salt and biological processes to its use in chemical manufacturing, sodium plays a significant role in supporting many aspects of modern society.