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Selenium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Selenium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Selenium element ?

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answer : as we know Selenium element is denoted by ‘Se’ symbol and Selenium has ‘78.96’ atomic mass and ’34’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Selenium element ?

answer : Selenium electronic configuration is ”[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4”.

question : write some information about Selenium ?

answer : Selenium has melting point = 217

Selenium boiling point = 685

Selenium has density ‘4.79’ and it is found ”% on earth. Selenium belongs to group ’16’.

some interesting facts of Selenium are given below –

Selenium is the thirty-fourth element on the periodic table with the chemical symbol Se. It is a non-metal with a grayish appearance and is known for its semiconductor properties and various biological functions. Selenium has several important applications and is essential for the proper functioning of living organisms.

One of the significant applications of selenium is in the electronics and semiconductor industry. Selenium is used as a component in the production of photovoltaic (solar) cells, particularly in certain types of thin-film solar cells. Selenium-based thin-film solar cells offer the advantage of being cost-effective and can be used in applications where traditional silicon-based solar cells may not be suitable. Selenium is also used in the production of photocopier drums and certain types of photodetectors.

Selenium’s properties as a semiconductor make it valuable in certain electronic devices. It is used in the production of rectifiers, which are electronic components that convert alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC). Selenium rectifiers were widely used in early electronic devices but have been largely replaced by more efficient silicon-based rectifiers. Selenium rectifiers are still found in some specialized applications, such as in vintage audio equipment.

Selenium also plays a crucial role in biological systems. It is an essential trace element for many organisms, including humans. Selenium is a component of several enzymes, including glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase, which are involved in antioxidant defense mechanisms and redox reactions in the body. It is necessary for proper immune function, thyroid hormone metabolism, and the production of DNA.

Selenium has been studied for its potential health benefits and has been found to have antioxidant properties. It is believed to help protect cells from oxidative stress and may have a role in reducing the risk of certain diseases, including certain types of cancer. However, the exact mechanisms and optimal levels of selenium intake for health benefits are still subjects of ongoing research.

In the agricultural industry, selenium is used as a supplement in animal feed. Livestock and poultry require selenium for their growth and reproduction. Selenium deficiency in animals can lead to various health issues. Controlled supplementation of selenium in animal feed helps ensure adequate levels of selenium for proper animal health.

Furthermore, selenium has been used in certain industrial processes and as a catalyst in chemical reactions. It can be used in the production of certain types of glass and pigments. Selenium dioxide (SeO2) has applications as a chemical intermediate and is used in the manufacturing of other selenium compounds.

It’s important to note that while selenium is essential for biological functions, excessive intake can be toxic. Selenium toxicity, known as selenosis, can occur with high levels of selenium exposure, either through diet or environmental sources. Therefore, it is essential to maintain a balance and ensure appropriate levels of selenium intake.

In summary, selenium’s applications in the electronics industry, solar cells, rectifiers, and its biological significance underscore its importance. Its role as an essential trace element for biological systems and potential health benefits make it a vital nutrient. Careful consideration of selenium intake is necessary to avoid deficiencies or toxicity, and ongoing research continues to explore its various applications and benefits.