know all Samarium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?
question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Samarium element ?
answer : as we know Samarium element is denoted by ‘Sm’ symbol and Samarium has ‘150.36’ atomic mass and ’62’ atomic number.
question : write the electron configuration of Samarium element ?
answer : Samarium electronic configuration is ”[Xe] 4f6 6s2”.
question : write some information about Samarium ?
answer : Samarium has melting point = 1,072
Samarium boiling point = 1,900
Samarium has density ‘7.52’ and it is found ”% on earth. Samarium belongs to group ‘101’.
some interesting facts of Samarium are given below –
Samarium is the sixty-second element on the periodic table with the chemical symbol Sm. It is a rare-earth metal that belongs to the lanthanide series. Samarium has several important applications in industries such as magnets, catalysis, and nuclear reactors.
One of the primary uses of samarium is in the production of powerful magnets. Samarium-cobalt (SmCo) magnets are known for their high magnetic strength and resistance to demagnetization at elevated temperatures. These magnets find applications in various fields, including aerospace, motorsports, and high-performance electronic devices. Samarium magnets are particularly useful in environments where high magnetic stability and strength are required.
Samarium is also used in catalytic reactions. Samarium(II) iodide (SmI2) is a versatile reducing agent employed in organic synthesis. It can facilitate a variety of transformations, including carbon-carbon bond formation, reduction of functional groups, and radical reactions. The unique properties of samarium(II) iodide make it valuable in the production of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and other fine chemicals.
Furthermore, samarium plays a role in the nuclear industry. Samarium-149, one of its isotopes, is a strong neutron absorber and is used as a control material in nuclear reactors. By absorbing excess neutrons, samarium helps regulate and stabilize the nuclear fission process. Additionally, samarium-153 is used in medicine for radiation therapy to treat certain types of cancers, particularly bone cancer and metastatic prostate cancer.
Samarium compounds have additional applications. Samarium oxide is utilized in the production of specialized glasses, ceramics, and phosphors. Samarium-based phosphors are employed in fluorescent lamps, plasma displays, and other lighting devices to generate specific colors. Samarium compounds also find use in the field of magneto-optics, where they contribute to the manipulation of light polarization for various applications.
Moreover, samarium has potential applications in the field of solid-state electronics and sensors. Samarium-based materials are being explored for their use in solid-state electrolytes for advanced batteries, solid oxide fuel cells, and other energy storage and conversion devices. Samarium-based compounds also exhibit interesting magnetic and electrical properties that could be useful in spintronics and other emerging technologies.
In summary, samarium’s applications in magnets, catalysis, nuclear reactors, glass manufacturing, and solid-state electronics highlight its significance in various industries. Its contributions to powerful magnets, catalytic reactions, nuclear control, and specialized materials showcase its practical applications. Continued research and development may uncover additional uses for samarium in the future.
हिंदी माध्यम नोट्स
English medium Notes