RAS notes in english language , RAS / RPSC class handwritten notes pdf download

RAS / RPSC class handwritten notes pdf download , RAS notes in english language ,  RAS (Rajasthan Administrative Service) notes in English language , download subject and topic wise notes for English medium students.
Paper classification of RAS mains subjects wise –
RAS mains syllabus can be divided into parts –

Paper Paper name
Paper-1 General Studies – I
Paper-2 General Studies – II
Paper – 3 General Studies – III
Paper-4 General English and general hindi (सामान्य हिंदी)

RAS mains these papers can be divided subject wise as per given below and than further can classified as given below for study easy approach –

Paper Paper name Subject Subject contains
Paper-I General Studies – 1 ·         HISTORY
·         ECONOMICS
v  History , Art, Culture , Literature , Tradition and Heritage of Rajasthan
v  Indian History & Culture
v  History of Modern World (up to 1950AD)
v  Indian Economy
v  World Economy
v  Economy of Rajasthan
Paper-II General Studies – 2 o   General Knowledge and General Studies
o   General Science and Technology
o   Earth Science (Geography and Geology)
Ø  Sociology
Ø  Management
Ø  accounting and auditing
Ø  Administrative Ethics
Ø  General Science and Technology
Ø  World (Earth Science (Geography and Geology))
Ø  India (Earth Science (Geography and Geology))
Ø  Rajasthan (Earth Science)
Paper-III General Studies – 3 v  Indian Political System , World Politics and Current Affairs
v  Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management
v  Sports and Yoga , Behavior and Law
Ø  Indian Political System, World Politics and Current Affairs
Ø  Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management
Ø  Sports and Yoga
Ø  Behavior
Ø  Law
Paper-IV General English and general hindi ü  सामान्य हिंदी
ü  General English
·         Grammar and Usage
·         Comprehension, Translation & Precis Writing
·         Composition and Letter Writing

Now RAS mains subject wise syllabus can further divided into topics and than further classified into sub topics for easy study approach.
History subject notes of ras as per topic and with their sub topics :-

Unit – 1 (subject) Topic Sub topic
History of rajasthan History ,  Art , Culture, Literature , Tradition and Heritage of Rajasthan Ø  Major landmarks in the History of Rajasthan from Pre – historic time to close of 18th Century
Ø  Important dynasties of rajasthan
Ø  administrative and revenue system of rajasthan’s major dynasties
Ø  Salient events of 19th and 20th centuries
Ø  peasant movement in rajasthan
Ø  Tribal Movements of rajasthan
Ø  awakening in rajasthan
Ø  freedom movement in rajasthan
Ø  integration of rajasthan
Ø  Heritage of Rajasthan
Ø  Performing & fine Art
Ø  Handicraft and Architecture
Ø  Fairs of rajasthan
Ø  Festivals
Ø  folk music and folk dance of rajasthan
Ø  Important works of Rajasthani Literature & Dialects of Rajasthan
Ø  saints and lok devta of rajasthan
Ø  eminent personalities of Rajasthan
Indian History and Culture v  Indian heritage
v  fine art and performing art of india
v  architecture of india
v  Literature from Indus Civilization to British Era
v  Religious Movements & religious philosophy in Ancient and Medieval India
v  History of Modern India from beginning of 19th Century to 1965 A.D. (Anno Domini)
v  Significant (important) events in indian history
v  personalities of india
v  issues in india ( indian history )
v  Indian National Movement
v  its various stages & streams of indian national movement in india
v  important contributors and contribution from different parts of the country in indian national movement
v  Socio – religious Reform Movements in 19th and 20th Century in india
v  post independence consolidation and reorganisation within the country
v  Accession of princely states and Linguistic reorganisation of the states
History of Modern World ( up to 1950 AD ) ü  renaissance history
ü  reformation movement
ü  Enlightenment (The Age of Enlightenment)
ü  Industrial Revolution in world
ü  imperialism in asia and Africa
ü  colonialism in Asia and Africa
ü  Impact of World Wars (impact of world wars on twentieth century)

Earth Science ( Geography & Geology ) subject notes of RAS as per topic and with their sub topics :-

Subject Topic Sub-topic or syllabus containing
Earth Science ( Geography & Geology ) Geography & Geology of rajasthan v  Broad Physical Features of rajasthan
v  Mountains , Plateaus , Plains of rajasthan
v  Rivers and Lakes of rajasthan (drainage system of rajasthan)
v  Major Physiographic Regions in rajasthan
v  Natural Vegetation and Climate in rajasthan
v  Livestock , Wildlife in rajasthan and Conversation of Livestock , Wildlife
v  Agriculture – Major Crops in rajasthan
v  mineral resources of rajasthan
v  Metallic Minerals – Types , distribution and Industrial uses of Metallic Minerals and their conservation
v  Non-Metallic Minerals – Types , distribution and Industrial uses Non-Metallic Minerals and their conservation .
v  Energy Resources : Conventional and Non-conventional Energy Resources in rajasthan
v  Population and Tribes of rajasthan
Geography & Geology of india Ø  Broad Physical Features of india
Ø  Mountains , Plateaus and Plains of india
Ø  Lakes and Glaciers of india
Ø  Major Physiographic divisions of India
Ø  Climate of India
Ø  Origin of Monsoon
Ø  Seasonal Climatic conditions
Ø  Distribution of rainfall in india
Ø  climatic regions in india
Ø  Natural Resources in india
Ø  Water , Forest , Soils of india
Ø  Rocks & Mineral : Types Rocks and Mineral and their uses
Ø  Population of india
Ø  growth distribution and density of population in india
Ø  Sex-ratio , Literacy india
Ø  urban and Rural Population in india
( Earth Science ) Geography & Geology of the world

ECONOMICS RAS notes in English language as per RAS mains and pre syllabus :-

Subject Topic Sub topics
ECONOMICS Economy of Rajasthan ·         agriculture economic
·         Horticulture
·         forestry economics
·         Dairy and Animal husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan
·         industrial sector in rajasthan
·         growth and recent trends in industrial sector in rajasthan
·         Growth , Development and Planning with special reference to Rajasthan state
·         Recent development and issues in service sector of Rajasthan state
·         Major Development Projects of Rajasthan
·         objectives and impact of major development projects in rajasthan
·         Public Private Partnership Model for Economic Transformation in Rajasthan state
·         Demographic Scenario of the State and its impact on Rajasthan state Economy
– Indian Economy Ø  Major Sectors of Economy in india
Ø  agriculture industry and service sector in indian economy
Ø  Agriculture, Industry & Service sector – Current Status , Issues and Initiatives.
Ø  banking in india
Ø  concept of money supply and high powered money in india
Ø  Role and Functions of Central Bank & Commercial Banks in india
Ø  issues of npas in indian banking system
Ø  financial inclusion in india
Ø  monetary policy in india (RBI)
Ø  Concept , objectives & Instruments of monetary policy in india
Ø  public finance in india
Ø  Tax reforms in India
Ø  direct and indirect tax reforms in india
Ø  subsidies in india
Ø  – cash transfer and other related issues in india
Ø  Recent Fiscal Policy of India
Ø  Recent Trends in Indian Economy
Ø  role of foreign capital in indian economy
Ø  exim policy of india
Ø  12th Finance Commission
Ø  poverty alleviation schemes in india
World Economy v  Global Economic issues and trends
v  Role of World Bank (in promoting international trade , in indian economy)
v  IMF and WTO (International Monetary Fund + World Trade Organization)
v  Concept of Developing, Emerging and Developed countries
v  India in global Scenario (economic scenario)

Sociology RAS notes in English language as per RAS mains and pre exam syllabus , covering all the topics and complete syllabus.

Subject Topics
Sociology       Development of Sociological Thought in India (RAS + NCERT)
social values in sociology
caste class and occupation in sociology (In india)
Varna, Ashram, Purusharth and Sanskar Vyavastha
secularism in india
issues and problems of indian society
Tribal community of Rajasthan : Bhil , Mina (Meena) and Garasia.

Management subject in RAS notes for English medium students as per RPSC syllabus and topics covering as per RPSC syllabus.

Subject topics
Management ·         Management
·         Scope , concept and functions of Management
·         Planning in management
·         Organizing in management
·         staffing direction coordination and control in management
·         Decision – Making : concept, process and techniques in management
·         modern concept of marketing management
·         Marketing Mix
·         product price place promotion marketing mix (management)
·         Objective, concept of maximization of wealth
·         sources of finance in management
·         Short and Long term, Capital Structure, Cost of Capital
·         Concept and Main theories of Leadership and Motivation (RAS + NCERT)
·         Communication
·         Basics of recruitment, selection, induction, training and development and appraisal system in management

accounting and auditing notes for RAS mains and prelims examination in English language.

Subject Topics
accounting and auditing §  Techniques of analysis of Financial statements in accounting and auditing
§  Basics of Working Capital Management (fundaments)
§  Responsibility and Social Accounting (RAS + NCERT)
§  meaning and objectives of auditing
§  internal control in auditing
§  Social, Performance and Efficiency Audit
§  Basics of different types of Budgeting
§  Basics of Budgetary control

Administrative Ethics notes for RAS (rajasthan administrative services) as per subject syllabus in detail –

Subject Topics in detail
Administrative Ethics ·         Ethics and Human Values understand in detail
·         lesson from lives and teachings of great leaders reformers and administrators (india + world)
·         Role of family (in socialization + ethics values + development etc.)
·         Role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values
·         Ethical concept-Rit and Rin
·         concept of duties in ethics
·         concept of good and virtues in ethics
·         Ethics in private and public relationships in administrative ethics
·         moral behaviour in ethics (human)
·         Moral and Political attitudes of administrators
·         Philosophical basis of Integrity in ethics (philosophy basis of integrity)
·         Ethics of Bhagavad Geeta
·         ethics of bhagavad gita (geeta) and its role in administration
·         Gandhian Ethics  (of social and political reconstruction)
·         contribution of moral thinkers and philosophers from india and world
·         Psycho-Stress Management in ethics (psychology stress management)
·         case studies in ethics (case study)
·         emotional intelligence in professional ethics (and human values)
·         emotional intelligence concepts and their utilities

General Science and General Technology notes for RAS and UPSC in rajasthan different competition exams –

Subject Topics
General Science and Technology v  nanotechnology in science technology
v  Concept and its application of nanotechnology
v  Nano Mission of India
v  nuclear technology in india (and world)
v  Basic concept, radioactivity and its applications of nuclear technology
v  different types of nuclear reactors (types in india , all types)
v  civilian and military uses of nuclear technology in india
v  Institutional structure for development of nuclear technology in India
v  Telecommunication (in india)
v  telecom application for socio-economic development of masses in india
v  Indian telecom industry with brief history (history of inidan telecom industory)
v  National Telecom Policy of india
v  TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India) National Telecom Policy
v  Electromagnetic waves
v  communication systems
v  basics of computers and computer applications (basic knowledge)
v  uses of information technology in various fields
v  e-governance in india + rajasthan
v  e-commerce in administration (e commerce administrative assistant)
v  defence of india
v  Types of missiles with reference to the India Missile Programme in india
v  various chemical and biological weapons in india and world
v  Role of DRDO in various fields (other than weapons) (the Defence Research and Development Organisation)
v  States of Matter
v  Allotropes of carbon
v  ph scale and importance of ph in daily life in science
v  corrosion and prevention of corrosion (metallurgy)
v  Catalyst (group + working etc.)
v  Soap and Detergents
v  Cleansing action of soap and detergent
v  Polymers and uses polymers
v  general awareness of digestive system
v  respiratory , circulatory , excretory , coordination and reproductive system of Humans body in biology
v  Application of Biotechnology
v  concerned Ethical and Intellectual Property Right Issues
v  Food and Human Health
v  General Awareness of Balanced and Unbalanced Food
v  malnutrition intoxicants in india
v  Blood , Blood Groups types in human body
v  Immunity (Antigen , Antibodies) in human body
v  blood transfusion in human body
v  Immunization and Vaccination
v  Human diseases
v  Communicable and Non Communicable Diseases
v  Acute and Chronic Diseases
v  causes and prevention of infectious disease
v  genetic and lifestyle diseases
v  Water quality (parameters + standard etc.)
v  water purification (process + system etc.)
v  Public Health Initiatives with special reference to the State of Rajasthan
v  contribution of indian scientists in the field of science and technology
v  ecosystem (introduction + examples + types etc.)
v  structure and function of ecosystem
v  Atmosphere
v  Composition and Basic nutrient cycling (Nitrogen, Carbon and Water Cycles) (atmosphere composition and basic nutrient cycling)
v  climate change in india etc.
v  renewable and non-renewable energy sources in climate changes
v  Environmental Pollution
v  Degradation in Environmental Pollution
v  waste management in india
v  Biodiversity
v  conservation of biodiversity special reference to the state of Rajasthan (india + world)
v  water conservation in rajasthan (india + world etc.)
v  Water Conservation with special reference to the Traditional Systems in the State of Rajasthan
v  Agriculture of rajasthan
v  Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal Husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan

Indian Political System, World Politics and Current Affairs notes for RAS exam as per all topics , covering all the syllabus as per guideline from RPSC .

unit  subjects topics
Indian Political System, World Politics and Current Affairs notes Indian Political System (rajasthan + india) ·         Indian Constitution (constitution of india)
·         framing of indian constitution
·         features of indian constitution
·         amendments in constitution of india
·         basic structure of constitution
·         ideological contents in constitution of india
·         preamble of indian constitution
·         fundamental rights in our indian constitution
·         Directive Principles of State Policy
·         fundamental duties in indian constitution
·         Institutional framework of india
·         parliamentary system of government in india
·         president of india
·         prime minister of india
·         council of ministers of india
·         parliament of india
·         Federalism of Indian government
·         centre-state relations in indian federalism
·         supreme court of india
·         high courts in india
·         judicial review system
·         judicial activism in india
·         Election Commission of India
·         comptroller and auditor general of india
·         Union Public Service Commission
·         NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India)
·         central vigilance commission of india
·         central information commission of india
·         National Human Rights Commission
·         political dynamics in india
·         role of caste and religion in indian politics
·         role of Class , Ethnicity, Language and Gender in Indian Politics
·         political parties in india
·         electoral behaviour in india
·         civil society and political movement in india
·         Issues related to National Integrity and Security
·         potential areas of socio political conflicts in india
·         State Politics of Rajasthan
·         Party System in (india + rajasthan)
·         Political Demography
·         Different phases of Political competition in Rajasthan state
·         panchayati raj in rajasthan
·         urban self government institutions in rajasthan
World Politics Ø  Emerging World Order in the post Cold War era
Ø  USA’s hegemony and its resistance (United States of America hegemony and its resistance)
Ø  United Nations (UN)
Ø  regional organizations in international relations
Ø  International Terrorism
Ø  International Environmental issues
Ø  Foreign Policy of India
Ø  Evolution, Determinants
Ø  India’s relations with USA (india relation with united states of america)
Ø  India’s relations with China
Ø  india relations with Russia
Ø  india’s relations with European Union
Ø  India’s role in UN (United Nations)
Ø  The Non – Aligned Movement (NAM)
Ø  BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa)
Ø  G – 20
Ø  G- 77
Ø  SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)
Ø  Geo – political
Ø  Strategic development in South Asia
Ø  Strategic development in South East Asia
Ø  Strategic development in West Asia
Ø  impact of Strategic development in South Asia , South East Asia and West Asia on India
Current Affairs v  Current events of Rajasthan (+ india)
v  Current persons of rajasthan (+ india)
v  Current places of Rajasthan
v  National and international importance
v  recent activities related to games and sports

RAS notes for pre and mains exam of Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management subject as per instructed syllabus by RPSC given below –

Subject Topics
Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management Ø  Administration and management
Ø  Meaning, nature and significance of Administration and management
Ø  Administration and management role in developed & developing societies
Ø  Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline
Ø  new public administration
Ø  Theories of public administration
Ø  Explain the concepts of power ,  authority , legitimacy responsibility and delegation
Ø  Principles of organization
Ø  Hierarchy, Span of control and unity of command in organization
Ø  Functions of management
Ø  corporate governance and social responsibility in strategic management
Ø  explain the New dimensions of public management
Ø  management of change of public management
Ø  attitude and foundational values for civil service
Ø  integrity , impartiality and non partisanship in civil service
Ø  dedication to public service in ethics
Ø  relationship between generalists and specialists in administration (relations between generalists and specialists in administration)
Ø  legislative executive and judicial control over public administration
Ø  various methods and techniques of legislative and judicial control (different types of ways)
Ø  administrative setup of india + rajasthan
Ø  administrative culture in Rajasthan
Ø  governor of rajasthan (state)
Ø  chief minister of states (rajasthan state)
Ø  council of ministers of india + rajasthan
Ø  state secretariat chief secretary rajasthan
Ø  District administration in rajasthan state
Ø  organization of district administration in india and rajasthan state
Ø  organization, role of District Collector and Superintendent of Police, Sub-divisional and Tehsil administration in rajasthan state
Ø  development administration in public administration (rajasthan + india)
Ø  meaning ,  scope and characteristics of development administration
Ø  State Human Rights Commission in rajasthan state (+ Indian states)
Ø  state election commission rajasthan
Ø  lokayukta of rajasthan state
Ø  Rajasthan Public Service Commission (RPSC)
Ø  public service guarantee act 2011 rajasthan state

Sports and Yoga notes for RAS prelims and mains examination in English language for English medium students and with deep knowledge and covering all syllabus topics as per rpsc suggested.

Subject topics
Sports and Yoga ü  Sports Policies of India (national etc.)
ü  Rajasthan State Sports Council (all about information etc.)
ü  national awards of sports in india for example Arjuna Award, Dronacharya Award, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Maharana Pratap Award etc. national awards of sports
ü  Yoga – Positive way of Life (NCERT + RAS)
ü  Eminent (famous) Players of India in different sports
ü  first aid in sports injuries
ü  participation of indian athletes in Olympics (Atheletes)
ü  Participation of Indian Atheletes in ParaOlympic Games

Behavior subject notes in RAS mains exam which covers all topics of RAS exam.

Subject Topics
Behavior §  different types of intelligence in psychology like Cognitive intelligence, Social intelligence, Emotional intelligence, Cultural intelligence etc.
§  howard gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences
§  personality in psychology
§  psychoanalytic theories of personality
§  trait and type theories of personality
§  determinants of personality and assessment of personality psychology
§  learning and motivation in psychology
§  styles of learning in psychology
§  models of memory in learning and motivation
§  causes of forgetting in psychology
§  Classification and types of motives (motivation)
§  theories of work motivation in psychology
§  assessment of motivation at work in psychology
§  Meeting Life Challenges
§  Stress Nature (which type of nature)
§  different types of stress
§  sources of stress psychology
§  symptoms of stress
§  Effects of stress
§  stress management (how to manage)
§  Promotion of Positive health and well being

Law subject notes for RAS (rajasthan administrative services) for prelims and mains examination after well research and covering all the topics .

Subject topics
Law       Concepts of Law
Ownership and possession in law (land and property etc.)
legal personality in law (term etc.)
Liability in law
Rights and Duties in law (in jurisprudence + in constitution of india etc.)
contemporary legal issues in india
right to information ( act in indian constitution etc.)
Information technology law (example : cyber crime etc.)
cyber laws (different types)
concepts , purpose , prospects of cyber crime
intellectual property rights in india
concepts, types, purpose, prospects of Intellectual Property Rights
Crimes against Women and Children in india
Domestic Violence against Women and Children in india
Sexual Harassment the work place against Women in india
the protection of children from sexual offenses Act 2012 in india
laws related to child labour in india
Important Land Laws in Rajasthan state
Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956
Rajasthan Tenancy Act, 1955

General English notes for RAS exam which including Grammar and Usage , in second part of general English we will learn about Comprehension, Translation & Precis Writing and in third part of English language paper we will study about Composition and Letter Writing .

Unit Subject Topics
General English Grammar and Usage v  correction of sentences in english grammar
v  10 sentences for correction with errors related to: Articles & Determiners in english grammer
v  Prepositions in English
v  tenses & sequence of tenses in english grammar
v  modals in english grammar
v  Voice- Active and Passive in general English
v  narration direct and indirect speech
v  synonyms & antonyms – english vocabulary
v  phrasal verbs and idioms in english grammar
v  one word substitution (Substitute) in English
v  Words often Confused or Misused (misspelled)
Comprehension , Translation and Precis Writing ü  Comprehension of an Unseen Passage (in 250 Words approximately)
ü  5 Questions based on the passage (and supplementary material)
ü  question no. 05 should preferably be on vocabulary words in English language
ü  Translation of five sentences from Hindi to English (given hindi sentences)
ü  Precis Writing (a short passage of approximately 150-200 words) (on the scenario given)
Composition and Letter Writing §  Paragraph Writing in English (Any 01 paragraph out of 03 given topics) (approximately 200 words essay)
§  Elaboration of a given theme in english language (Any 1 out of 3, approximately 150 words)
§  Letter Writing or Report Writing in english language (approximately 150 words) (on given topic)

RAS notes for सामान्य हिंदी (general hindi) as per RPSC latest syllabus for appropriate prelims and mains exam of RAS examination.

Unit Subject topic
General hindi (सामान्य हिंदी) Hindi grammer (हिंदी व्याकरण) ü  संधि + दिये गए शब्दों का संधि करना
ü  संधि विच्छेद + दिए गए शब्दों का संधि विच्छेद करना
ü  उपसर्ग – उपसर्ग का सामान्य ज्ञान , उपसर्गों से शब्दों की संरचना करना , शब्दों में में से शब्द और उपसर्गों को अलग अलग करना
ü  प्रत्यय – प्रत्यय का सामान्य ज्ञान , दिये गए प्रत्ययों से शब्दों का निर्माण , दिए गए शब्दों से शब्द और प्रत्यय को पृथक पृथक करना
ü  पर्यायवाची शब्द (हिंदी व्याकरण में)
ü  विलोम शब्द (सामान्य ज्ञान और शब्दों के विलोम शब्द)
ü  समश्रुत भिन्नार्थक शब्द-दिए हुए शब्द-युग्म का अर्थ-भेद (हिन्दी व्याकरण)
ü  व्याक्यांश के लिए सार्थक शब्द का चुनाव या शब्द लिखना
ü  शब्द शुद्धि
ü  वाक्य शुद्धि
ü  मुहावरे – मुहावरे का वाक्य में सटीक प्रयोग करना
ü  कहावत और लोकोक्ति (केवल भावार्थ)
ü  पारिभाषिक शब्दावली – प्रशासन से सम्बंधित अंग्रेजी शब्दों के समानार्थ हिंदी पारिभाषिक शब्द
लेखन §  संक्षिप्तीकरण – गद्यावतरण का उचित शीर्षक एवं लगभग एक-तिहाई शब्दों में संक्षिप्तीकरण (गद्यावतरण की शब्द सीमा लगभग 100 शब्दों में लेखन)
§  पल्लवन – किसी सूक्ति, काव्य पंक्ति, प्रसिद्ध कथन आदि का भाव विस्तार (शब्द सीमा-लगभग 100 शब्दों में लेखन)
§  पत्र-लेखन – सामान्य कार्यालयी पत्र, कार्यालय आदेश, अर्द्धशासकीय पत्र, अनुस्मारक लेखन
§  प्रारूप- लेखन – अधिसूचना, निविदा, परिपत्र, विज्ञप्ति लेखन
§  अनुवाद – दिए हुए अंग्रेजी अनुच्छेद का हिंदी में अनुवाद। (शब्द सीमा-लगभग 75 शब्दो में लेखन)


निबंध लेखन ·         किसी सामयिक एवं अन्य विषय पर निबंध लेखन (शब्द सीमा लगभग-250 शब्द)