Here we will know the answer of classify the following solids in different categories based on the nature of intermolecular forces operating in them :
Potassium Sulphate, tin, benzene, urea, ammonia, water, zinc sulphide, graphite, rubidium, argon, silicon carbide.
On the basis of intermolecular forces solids can be classified in following types which are given below –
- ionic solids
- covalent solids
- molecular solids
- metallic solids
Now first of all we should understand the basics of these solids so that we can classify the solids which is ask to us in our question.
- ionic solids : the solids which are made of ions , it means such type of solids are composed by positive and negative types ions which are connected to each other by electrostatic force (attraction)
- covalent solids : in this category of solids , the solids contain the covalent bond between the constituent particles. it means the this type of solid has covalent bond that is why these solids are called covalent solids.
- molecular solids : In these type of solids , the solids which contain the molecules are kept in this category of solids , these molecules in such solids are bounded by cohesive forces which are generally van der Waals forces.
- metallic solids : these type of solids are formed by metal atoms and these atoms are bonded by metallic bonds. it means in these solids metal atoms are found which is connected to each other by metallic bonds or force. this type of solids are generally good conductors of electricity and also heat.
now the basis of definition of these solids we can classify the solids which are asked in our question as follows –
Ionic solids : Potassium sulphate, zinc sulphide (because they have ionic bonds).
Covalent solids : Graphite, silicon carbide (because these solids contain covalent giant molecules).
Molecular solids : Benzene, urea, ammonia, water, argon (reason behind the classification is that they contain covalent bond).
Metallic solids : Rubidium, tin (because these solids contain metals bond).