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Promethium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Promethium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Promethium element ?

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answer : as we know Promethium element is denoted by ‘Pm’ symbol and Promethium has ‘145’ atomic mass and ’61’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Promethium element ?

answer : Promethium electronic configuration is ”[Xe] 4f5 6s2”.

question : write some information about Promethium ?

answer : Promethium has melting point = 1,100

Promethium boiling point = 3,000

Promethium has density ‘7.3’ and it is found ”% on earth. Promethium belongs to group ‘101’.

some interesting facts of Promethium are given below –

Promethium is the sixty-first element on the periodic table with the chemical symbol Pm. It is a radioactive rare-earth metal that belongs to the lanthanide series. Due to its radioactivity and limited availability, promethium does not have significant practical applications.

Promethium has a very short half-life, meaning it decays rapidly, and it does not exist in nature in appreciable quantities. It is primarily produced through nuclear reactions in nuclear reactors or by bombarding other elements with particles. The most stable isotope of promethium, promethium-145, has a half-life of only 17.7 years.

Due to its radioactive nature and short half-life, promethium is primarily used for scientific research and in some specialized applications. Some of the limited applications of promethium include:

1. As a beta particle source: Promethium-147, one of the isotopes of promethium, emits beta particles during radioactive decay. These beta particles can be used in various industrial and scientific applications, such as thickness gauges and moisture meters.

2. In miniature nuclear batteries: The radioactive decay of promethium isotopes can generate a small amount of electricity. This property has been explored for use in miniature nuclear batteries that can power long-term, low-power devices such as pacemakers and remote sensing devices.

3. In nuclear gauges: Promethium-147 is sometimes used in nuclear gauges for measuring the density or thickness of materials. These gauges work by measuring the intensity of radiation emitted by the promethium isotope.

It’s important to note that due to the limited availability and radioactivity of promethium, its use is highly regulated, and strict safety measures must be followed.

In summary, promethium’s practical applications are limited due to its radioactivity and short half-life. Its primary uses are in scientific research, beta particle sources, miniature nuclear batteries, and nuclear gauges. Its unique properties make it valuable in specialized applications, but its limited availability restricts its broader use.