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Mercury electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Mercury electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Mercury element ?

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answer : as we know Mercury element is denoted by ‘Hg’ symbol and Mercury has ‘200.59’ atomic mass and ’80’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Mercury element ?

answer : Mercury electronic configuration is ”[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2”.

question : write some information about Mercury ?

answer : Mercury has melting point = -39

Mercury boiling point = 357

Mercury has density ‘13.55’ and it is found ”% on earth. Mercury belongs to group ’12’.

some interesting facts of Mercury are given below –

Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. It is a dense, silvery-white metal that is the only metallic element that is liquid at room temperature. Mercury has been used in various applications, but its use has significantly decreased due to its toxic properties and environmental impact.

One of the historical uses of mercury is in thermometers. The unique property of mercury being a liquid at room temperature allows it to expand and contract with temperature changes, making it suitable for measuring temperature. However, due to the potential health hazards associated with mercury exposure, many countries have phased out the use of mercury thermometers in favor of safer alternatives.

Mercury has also been used in various electrical applications, particularly in electrical switches and relays. The conductive properties of mercury, along with its low melting point, made it useful in creating electrical connections. However, the use of mercury in electrical equipment has been significantly reduced due to its toxicity and the availability of safer alternatives.

Furthermore, mercury has been utilized in the production of certain chemical compounds, such as chlorine and caustic soda, through the chloralkali process. However, the use of mercury cells in this process has been phased out or replaced by more environmentally friendly methods, as it can lead to mercury pollution.

Historically, mercury was used in dental amalgams for tooth fillings. However, the use of mercury-containing amalgams has declined, and alternative materials are now more commonly used in dental restorations.

Despite the reduction in its use, mercury continues to be employed in some specialized applications. It is used in scientific research and laboratories, particularly in certain types of instrumentation and experiments. It is also utilized in some industrial processes, such as gold mining, where mercury is used to extract gold from ore.

It is important to note that mercury is highly toxic and poses significant risks to human health and the environment. The release of mercury into the environment can have detrimental effects on ecosystems and can accumulate in the food chain, leading to potential health hazards. Therefore, there are global efforts to minimize the use of mercury and regulate its disposal to prevent pollution and minimize the associated risks.

In summary, while mercury has been used in various applications in the past, its use has significantly decreased due to its toxic nature and environmental impact. Safer alternatives are now preferred in many industries, and there are ongoing efforts to reduce mercury use and minimize its potential harm.