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Iridium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Iridium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Iridium element ?

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answer : as we know Iridium element is denoted by ‘Ir’ symbol and Iridium has ‘192.217’ atomic mass and ’77’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Iridium element ?

answer : Iridium electronic configuration is ”[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2”.

question : write some information about Iridium ?

answer : Iridium has melting point = 2,410

Iridium boiling point = 4,527

Iridium has density ‘22.4’ and it is found ”% on earth. Iridium belongs to group ‘9’.

some interesting facts of Iridium are given below –

Iridium is the seventy-seventh element on the periodic table with the chemical symbol Ir. It is a transition metal that has various applications in industries such as electronics, catalysis, and jewelry.

One of the primary uses of iridium is in the electronics industry. Iridium is used as a coating material for electrical contacts, particularly in applications that require high durability and resistance to corrosion. Iridium’s excellent corrosion resistance, high melting point, and low contact resistance make it suitable for use in switches, connectors, and other electrical components. Iridium-coated contacts provide reliable electrical conductivity and can withstand harsh operating conditions.

Iridium is also utilized in catalysis. Iridium-based catalysts are used in various chemical reactions, including hydrogenation, oxidation, and isomerization processes. Iridium catalysts exhibit high activity, selectivity, and stability, making them valuable in the production of fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and petrochemicals. Iridium catalysts are particularly effective in reactions involving carbon-hydrogen bond activation.

In the jewelry industry, iridium is used as an alloying element in the production of high-quality platinum jewelry. Iridium enhances the hardness and durability of platinum, making it more resistant to scratches and wear. Platinum alloys with iridium are often used in the creation of high-end jewelry pieces, such as rings, necklaces, and bracelets.

Furthermore, iridium has applications in other fields such as spark plugs and radiation therapy. Iridium alloy spark plugs are known for their durability and long service life in internal combustion engines. In radiation therapy, iridium-192, a radioactive isotope of iridium, is used in brachytherapy to treat various types of cancer. Iridium-192 is sealed in small capsules and placed near or inside tumors to deliver localized radiation.

It is worth noting that iridium is one of the rarest elements on Earth and is often found in very small quantities. This rarity makes iridium relatively expensive and limits its widespread use compared to more abundant metals.

In summary, iridium’s applications in electronics, catalysis, jewelry, and other fields highlight its significance in various industries. Its contributions to electrical contacts, catalysts, platinum jewelry, and radiation therapy showcase its practical applications. Continued research and development may uncover additional uses for iridium in the future.