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Cerium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Cerium electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Cerium element ?

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answer : as we know Cerium element is denoted by ‘Ce’ symbol and Cerium has ‘140.116’ atomic mass and ’58’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Cerium element ?

answer : Cerium electronic configuration is ”[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2”.

question : write some information about Cerium ?

answer : Cerium has melting point = 795

Cerium boiling point = 3,257

Cerium has density ‘6.77’ and it is found ”% on earth. Cerium belongs to group ‘101’.

some interesting facts of Cerium are given below –

Cerium is the fifty-eighth element on the periodic table with the chemical symbol Ce. It is a rare-earth metal that belongs to the lanthanide series. Cerium has several important applications in industries such as automotive, catalysis, and glass manufacturing.

One of the primary uses of cerium is in catalytic converters for automobiles. Cerium oxide, also known as ceria, is a key component of catalytic converters. It helps reduce emissions of harmful gases, such as carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), from vehicle exhaust. Cerium-based catalysts are effective in converting these pollutants into less harmful compounds, contributing to cleaner air and reducing environmental impact.

Cerium is also used in glass manufacturing. Cerium oxide is added to glass formulations to modify its optical properties. It can absorb ultraviolet (UV) radiation, making it useful in the production of glass for sunglasses, camera lenses, and protective eyewear. Cerium-containing glass can also exhibit self-cleaning properties, reducing the accumulation of dirt and making it easier to maintain.

Furthermore, cerium finds applications in the field of metallurgy. Cerium alloys are added to improve the mechanical properties of metals, such as cast iron and aluminum alloys. Cerium-containing alloys can enhance their strength, ductility, and heat resistance. Cerium is also utilized as a grain refiner in certain metal alloys, helping to improve their microstructure and mechanical properties.

Cerium compounds have additional applications in various industries. Cerium oxide is used as a polishing agent in the production of semiconductors, optics, and precision optical components. Cerium-based compounds are also employed in the manufacturing of phosphors for lighting applications, such as fluorescent lamps and phosphor-based LEDs. Cerium salts are used in analytical chemistry and as colorants in ceramics and pigments.

Moreover, cerium is of interest in the field of energy storage. Cerium-based materials, such as cerium oxide nanoparticles, have been studied for their potential applications in rechargeable batteries. These materials show promise in improving battery performance, particularly in terms of capacity, cycling stability, and safety.

It’s worth noting that cerium is a relatively abundant and cost-effective rare-earth metal compared to some of its counterparts. This contributes to its wide range of applications and commercial viability.

In summary, cerium’s applications in catalytic converters, glass manufacturing, metallurgy, polishing agents, lighting, and energy storage highlight its versatility and importance in various industries. Its contributions to reducing vehicle emissions, improving optical properties, enhancing metal alloys, and enabling cleaner technologies showcase its practical applications. Continued research and development may uncover additional uses for cerium in the future.