# Naturally Sampled Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) Signal , Instantaneous or Idealy Sampled

Naturally Sampled Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) Signal We have already discussed natural sampling. This natural sampling is basically pulse amplitude… Continue reading »

# ANALOG PULSE MODULATION METHODS , Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) , Time Modulation (PTM)

Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) , Time Modulation (PTM) ? :- ANALOG PULSE MODULATION METHODS DO YOU KNOW? Modern digital systems… Continue reading »

# NYQUIST RATE AND NYQUIST INTERVAL , defined for correct sampling is , EFFECT OF UNDER SAMPLING

defined for correct sampling is , EFFECT OF UNDER SAMPLING , NYQUIST RATE AND NYQUIST INTERVAL (i) Nyquist Rate          … Continue reading »

# SAMPLING THEOREM , proof , definition , application , sampling theorem in digital communication

proof , definition , application , sampling theorem in digital communication pdf :- SAMPLING THEORY AND PULSE MODULATION Inside this… Continue reading »

# random signals , significance of random signals in probability theory? , What is sample space?

SHORT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS Q.1. What are random signals? What is significance of random signals in probability theory? Ans. There… Continue reading »

# CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION (CDF) , Properties , DISCRETE RANDOM VARIABLE

2.8 PROBABILITY FUNCTION OR PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION OF A DISCRETE RANDOM VARIABLE Let X be a discrete random variable and also… Continue reading »

# probability theory basic concepts , Definition , Example , PROPERTIES OF PROBABILITY

Definition , Example , PROPERTIES OF PROBABILITY :- BASIC CONCEPT OF PROBABILITY  (i) Definition           Probability may be defined as… Continue reading »

# PROBABILITY THEORY , formulas , Experiment , Sample Space , what is Event in probability

what is Event in probability , formulas , Experiment , Sample Space :- PROBABILITY THEORY AND RANDOM VARIABLES Inside this… Continue reading »

# Power and energy theorems , parseval's power theorem proof example , Rayleigh's energy

1.19 POWER AND ENERGY THEOREMS In this article, let us discuss two important theorems regarding the energy and power of… Continue reading »

# FOURIER SERIES AND FOURIER TRANSFORM , Definition , Complex Exponential , Inverse

BRIEF REVIEW OF FOURIER SERIES AND FOURIER TRANSFORM In the field of communication engineering, we need to analyze a given… Continue reading »