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Bismuth electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points

By   June 27, 2023

know all Bismuth electron configuration , atomic mass , atomic number basics information in points ?

question : what is atomic mass and atomic number of Bismuth element ?

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answer : as we know Bismuth element is denoted by ‘Bi’ symbol and Bismuth has ‘208.98’ atomic mass and ’83’ atomic number.

question : write the electron configuration of Bismuth element ?

answer : Bismuth electronic configuration is ”[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3”.

question : write some information about Bismuth ?

answer : Bismuth has melting point = 271

Bismuth boiling point = 1,560

Bismuth has density ‘9.75’ and it is found ”% on earth. Bismuth belongs to group ’15’.

some interesting facts of Bismuth are given below –

Bismuth is a chemical element with the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. It is a brittle, silvery-white metal that has low toxicity compared to other heavy metals such as lead, mercury, and cadmium. Bismuth has various applications in different fields due to its unique properties.

One of the main uses of bismuth is in the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries. Bismuth compounds, such as bismuth subsalicylate, are used in over-the-counter medications for the treatment of gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea, heartburn, and indigestion. Bismuth subsalicylate can help relieve symptoms and protect the lining of the stomach and intestines.

Bismuth alloys, which are mixtures of bismuth with other metals such as tin, cadmium, or lead, have low melting points and are used in the production of low-temperature solders. These solders are employed in electronic and electrical applications where the use of higher melting point solders like lead-based solders is not suitable.

Bismuth is also used as a component in certain types of fire sprinkler systems. Bismuth alloys have a property called “thermal creep,” which allows the sprinkler heads to activate at specific temperatures. This helps in fire suppression by releasing water when the ambient temperature reaches a certain threshold.

In addition, bismuth has found applications in the field of cosmetics, where it is used as a pigment in certain makeup products. Bismuth oxychloride is a common ingredient in cosmetics like foundations, powders, and blushes, providing a pearlescent or shimmering effect.

Bismuth has also gained attention in the field of materials science. Bismuth-based compounds exhibit interesting properties, such as superconductivity at low temperatures, and are being explored for potential use in electronic and energy storage devices.

Furthermore, bismuth has nuclear applications. Bismuth-209, a stable isotope of bismuth, is used as a radiation shielding material in nuclear reactors and other nuclear facilities. Its high atomic number makes it effective at absorbing and blocking radiation.

It’s worth noting that while bismuth has lower toxicity compared to some other heavy metals, it can still be harmful in certain forms and concentrations. As with any substance, it is important to handle bismuth and its compounds with proper care and follow safety guidelines to minimize potential risks.

In summary, bismuth has various applications in pharmaceuticals, solders, fire sprinkler systems, cosmetics, materials science, and nuclear shielding. Its low toxicity compared to other heavy metals makes it a preferred choice in certain industries. Ongoing research and innovation may uncover new uses and applications for this versatile element.